President Barack Obama recently stated the challenge: “We are a digitalized culture, and there is hacking going on every single day. There’s not a company … where somebody is not going to be phishing for something or trying to penetrate, or put in a virus or malware.”
The recent security breach at Yahoo has proved the president’s admonition to be true. With nearly early 1 billion customers hacked, Yahoo is experiencing widespread customer dissatisfaction and customer defection. Dissatisfied with the security breach and fearful over a loss of safety, customers have fled to other providers. Yahoo has lost over $1 billion in market capitalization and faces the prospect of Verizon renegotiating the terms of acquiring it
Security breaches -unfortunately – are not just the bane of retailers or Silicon Valley companies. Companies in the Houston area are vulnerable as well.
According to a 2016 report, the global oil and gas security market was valued at $25.68 billion in 2015 and is estimated to reach $32.79 billion by 2020. Some of the most prominent oil and gas companies include Houston staples such as Schlumberger, Halliburton, Phillips 66, Anadarko, Kinder Morgan and National Oilwell Varco. Companies from other sectors include Waste Management and BMC Software, with national and international reach.
In addition to being prominent business-to-business companies, these companies have international reach, and work closely with clients to develop and maintain costly infrastructure. This requires complex information technology support, which is predicated on the flow of sensitive information. For example, Waste Management deals in sensitive information about specific customer accounts, while National Oilwell Varco may deal in sensitive information about rigs and oil reservoirs.
How will Houston-based companies fare if they face an IT security breach?
We estimated the potential cost using models developed from the CUBES project, a research collaborative study. This benchmark study measures customer satisfaction with several strategic areas using a sample of over 4,900 business managers.
Within the strategic area of safety, business managers rated if their supplier “ensures that customer information is secure and safe.”
They rated their satisfaction with a supplier from being “extremely dissatisfied” to “extremely satisfied.” We related this satisfaction rating to their overall opinion, which is further predictive of sales and margin.
The bottom line – the model – shows what would happen if a breach happened: “Extremely satisfied” customers became “extremely dissatisfied.” Foremost, a B-to-B company, on average, would lose 32.95 percent in sales.
We applied the model to 2015 sales for different companies. According to the model, Halliburton would lose $7.77 billion in annual sales, Waste Management would lose $4.6 billion, and Schlumberger would lose $11.68 billion. Similarly, the loss in sales would be $4.74 billion for Kinder Morgan, $7.54 billion for National Oilwell Varco and $2.86 billion for Anadarko. Aside from the reputational consequences, the loss of jobs that stems from decreasing sales can have a severe negative effect on the Texas economy.
A major component of strategic innovation for many Houston-based companies is based on information technology, which has increased customer satisfaction. IT breaches, however, can severely dissatisfy customers.
By helping to link IT security to customer-based and finance-based metric, companies can take the first step in alerting and reminding themselves to address this issue head on.
The safety imperative for Houston-based companies should not just be limited to health and human safety, but should encapsulate data and information safety.
Otherwise, we run the risk of being Yahoo-ed!